Losari Temple, Indonesia (Part II)



With only a finding that perwara temple is small it makes the team's research, whether in the surrounding areas there is still another temple, or only a single temple. To answer the problems in the year 2008 conducted research stage II. This research is still working with the Foundation as Tahija donors. Based on the experience of years ago to reduce the obstacles in the implementation of the activities - especially the number of water in the rainy season - the phase II study was conducted during the dry season. Research was conducted over 20 days from the date of 5 to 28 August 2008.

However, in the implementation of this research, Archeology Center of Yogyakarta does not stand alone, because there are various institutions that competent on this site. Therefore, in the research reveals Losari Temple Sites Phase II, also involves a variety of institutions, such as: District of Magelang - in this case the Office of Culture and Tourism of Magelang Regency - as the most competent as the owner of the location of the site and as the parties that will take advantage of the existence of the Losari Temple site. Involvement of Culture and Tourism Office Regency of Magelang also supported by the Culture and Tourism Office Province of Central Java. Central Conservation ancient heritage of Central Java based on the basic tasks and functions very competent to save, preserve and restore the Losari Temple. Department of Archeology at the Faculty of Cultural Sciences of Gadjah Mada University as an institution of great academic competent to develop the science through research, notably with the discovery of the new site.

Central Conservation ancient heritage of Central Java with the cost of the installation itself has been doing re-roof the perwara temple's components that had been found. With the discharged of the roof then the temple has been back to the original habitat. Although not perfect yet, because there were some stones of the roof of the temple had not been found yet, especially the top of it, but the form of the temple has begun to appear vertical. The research team of Archeology Center of Yogyakarta supported by students and lecturers of Archeology at Department of Archeology at the Faculty of Cultural Sciences of Gadjah Mada University started the excavation. The involvement of students and lecturers of Archeology is funded by the Office of Culture and Tourism of Central Java, who is also finance the making of the film about Losari Temple.

It is not easy to dig up the excavation boxes because the land is very hard. It takes perseverance, patience, and hard work to be able to reveal Losari temple. Not necessarily for the digging to get the results expected. The first five failed to get results, although the determination of the location of the box has been using geoelectric survey. Failure is not sour and discourage the members of the research team. Boxes in the new lay out and began to be extracted one by one. Apparently they do not struggle vain, in the box on the P22 depth 145 cm appeared a piece of stone cross north-south, that is the bottom of the relief from the usual. The findings are part of the threshold on the second perwara temple. It has raised new hope to be able to find other temples (the third perwara temple and the main temple).

Finally, one by one the parts of the main temple and the perwara temple start to appear. After the second (middle) perwara temple started to show the door entrance, the third (south) perwara temple also began to appear, but the front of the dogs already. Temple perwara third (south) is found in the P28 and P30. Estimated the third perwara temple has the same size. After the third perwara temple was found then the main temple could be found more easily. It is usually located in front of the middle perwara temple. The part of the main temple began to be found, the first stone temple ruins found in the P29. After the box had been dug deeper and eventually extended to the south then the wall structure of the building was found. It was the body wall of the main temple in the east of the entrance of the left temple. On the wall is found mahakala relief, one of the gods guard the entrance of temples. Besides the P31 found in the structure of the body wall of the main temple or the back of the west main temple and the temple on foot. With the two sides found the body temple and the top of the foot temple temple parent's area can be estimated. Body temple is squares shaped with an estimated 360x360 cm² width, while the foot temple is 500x500 cm² width. So the problems have been solved, Losari temple is a Hindu temple, which consists of a main temple and 3 perwara temples. That have not been found successful in this research is the surround fence.

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